The groundhog is a lowland creature of North America; it is found through much of the eastern United States, across Canada and into Alaska. Groundhog Day falls on February 2nd every year. They are shy creatures and if they feel like they are in danger, will whistle to their fellow chucks as a warning which gave them another nickname: whistlepigs. To survive such a lengthy period of hibernation the marmot must binge-eat during the four months of its active life. [4] The pelage comprises coarse, long outer hairs and woolly, shorter underfurs. Their reproductive style is called harem-polygynous, meaning that one male will fight for and protect multiple females at the same time, with whom he alone will reproduce. Our local furry friends are distinguishable from groundhogs by their yellow underbellies and gray fur. The yellow-bellied marmot lives in southwestern Canada and western United States, including the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevada. Timothy Mancillas, Contributing/Guest Writers [CDATA[ Cache Carlson While they are content with eating greens, rock chucks also eat insects and bird eggs if they come across them on the ground. "Marmota flaviventris (Yellow-bellied Marmot)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Yellow-bellied_marmot&oldid=980538170, Taxonbars without secondary Wikidata taxon IDs, Taxonbars with automatically added original combinations, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 September 2020, at 02:45. [7] Each male marmot digs a burrow soon after it wakes from hibernation, and starts looking for females to reproduce. [11] In late summer, however, grasses, forbs, and seeds make up most of their diet. The Latin name of the family is Sciuridae to which chipmunks and squirrels also belong. [9] These burrows are usually constructed on a slope, such as a hill, mountain, or cliff. [5] Their back is reddish-brown in color with grizzled black and light-grey tan. Predators, Mortality and Lifespan: Rock chuck is a nickname for the yellow-bellied marmot and … Yellow-Bellied Marmots build their burrows beneath rocks so their predators cannot see and catch them as easily. [5] Occasionally, they are also known to eat fruits and bark of fruit trees. [1] Their territory is about 2.5 hectares (6 acres) around a number of burrows dug during the summer. [1] As there are no major threats to this species and it is protected in several areas throughout its range, there is not much concern for serious conservation efforts to be put in place.[1]. Soon, the groundhog became the spokesperson for the weather prediction. Glen R. Shaffer “Red” I have a rock chuck problem and want to trap then, what do they like best to eat? Rock Chucks will drop their pups in late May or early June. Central Oregonians love the rock chuck (they even have a local Facebook fan page), and come February 2, watch to see if it has a shadow when it comes out of its burrow after hibernating. Cache Carlson – Predator Hunting for yellow-bellied marmots looking for a snack. A shadow meant another 40 days of cold weather. While they are content with eating greens, rock chucks also eat insects and bird eggs if they come across them on the ground. The animals can only be seen from April to August, because they spend the remainder of the year in hibernation, deep within their burrows. They are primarily herbivores and love to eat grass, so make sure to keep a keen eye on the Tetherow golf course for yellow-bellied marmots looking for a snack. This gives the Yellow-bellied marmot the nickname "whistle pig". The male will have 3 to 5 young with each female of his “harem”. They believed if the day were sunny, the small woodland animals would see their shadows. It was first scientifically described by Carl Linnaeus in 1758. “RSCAR”, 75 Years of Reloading Tools: RCBS is that old… | GunsmithTalk. All Rights Reserved Tetherow, Groundhog Day goes back farther than most Americans probably think. They measure from 47–68 cm (18 1⁄2–27 in) in length, have a short tail measuring 13–21 cm (5–8 1⁄2 in) with buffy, reddish and black hairs and hindfoot measuring 7–9 cm (3–3 1⁄2 in).[3]. Litters usually average three to five offspring per female. Cliff T A shadow meant another 40 days of cold weather. The Yellow-Bellied Marmot enjoys a very healthy population despite all that and is on the least concern list of endangered animals. Rock chucks and woodchucks may have similar names, but they are two different, albeit closely related, species of marmot. [6] It inhabits steppes, meadows, talus fields, and other open habitats, sometimes on the edge of deciduous or coniferous forests, and found from as low as 1,600 m (5,400 ft) to over 4,300 m (14,000 ft) of elevation. The main predators of the Yellow-Bellied Marmot are wolves, foxes, coyotes, domesticated dogs and humans. Oh crap! The yellow-bellied marmot (Marmota flaviventris), also known as the rock chuck, is a large, stout-bodied ground squirrel in the marmot genus. Occasionally, they climb trees and other flora, though they are usually terrestrial. ), and come February 2, watch to see if it has a shadow when it comes out of its burrow after hibernating. Rocky Meadors Woodchucks love home grown vegetables such as lettuce, spinach, green beans, peas, squash, zucchini, cucumbers and berries. On average, a Yellow-Bellied Marmot will weigh 3.5 to 11 lbs, but it can be fatter during hibernation. The day has its roots in the pagan celebration. The Marmots (Rock Chucks) Are Here! Thanks for all the replies guys. Tetherow encompasses 700 acres on Bend, Oregon's desirable west side. The woodchuck emerges from its burrow in the early morning and late evening (dawn and dusk) to eat. [11] They mostly feed on grass, grains, leaves, flowers, legumes, bird eggs, and insects. They are omnivores, eating grass, flowers, leaves, fruit, insects and eggs whenever they can find them. Yellow-Bellied Marmots are diurnal, which means they are most active during the day. These predators include foxes, dogs, coyotes, wolves, and eagles. The Yellow-Bellied Marmot, also known as Rock Chuck, is a member of the Marmot family and a type of ground squirrel. we have shot rock chucks for years and we never knew they were edible until about 10 years ago we were shooting chucks and a couple indians rolled up on us in a pickup truck. [6] In food choice experiments, yellow-bellied marmots are known to reject plants containing defensive compounds. The Yellow-Bellied Marmot, also known as Rock Chuck, is a member of the Marmot family and a type of ground squirrel. [4] They also like to feed on alfalfa and clover. [9] The hibernating burrows can be up to 5–7 m (16–23 ft) deep; however, the burrows constructed for daily use are usually only 1 m (3 ft 3 in) deep. Marmots live on average up to fifteen years, yet many will die younger because of famine, disease and predators. [5], Yellow-bellied marmots spend about 80% of their lives in their burrows, 60% of which is spent hibernation. Mike Kleint Yellow-Bellied Marmots reproduce when they reach the age of 2 years. Happy (almost) Groundhog (Rock Chuck) Day! And lots of it covering the decks and crawl spaces of homeowners all over western Montana. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-2470398698139577"; /* Animal Information Footer */ google_ad_slot = "7831150399"; google_ad_width = 300; google_ad_height = 250; Eric A. Mayer If you don’t have vegetables around, groundhogs will settle for twigs, bark, bugs, and blossoms. The day has its roots in the pagan celebration Imbolc, which eventually became the Candlemas feast in Christianity. Mike Barton YANK N CRANK #2 Proud Wyoming Resident. Groundhog Day falls on February 2nd every year. Groundhogs eat mostly during the early morning and afternoon, so try to see when your garden is receiving the most damage. They hibernate for approximately eight months starting in September and lasting through the winter. It is considered quite remarkable that the Yellow-Bellied Marmot manages to do so on such a low calorie diet. Central Oregonians love the rock chuck (they even have a local. Marmots are essentially large ground squirrels, the biggest members of the squirrel family. [10] They are omnivores, but generally eat a wide variety of plants, as they are generalist herbivores. They are primarily herbivores and love to eat grass, so make sure to keep a keen eye on the. // ]]> […] Rock Chuck Bullet Swage as they were specifically designed for making jacketed bullets to shoot the Rock Chucks in the Western United States, providing the acronym RCBS that the company would become known by in […], Technical/Guns Editor Mike Kleint – Airguns/Airgun Hunting Groundhogs & Rock Chucks – Marmot Cousins. It has a rather short and fluffy tail and a head that reminds a bit of a beaver with four long teeth and small ears. [CDATA[ Because of the large amount of them seen here at Tetherow, they are unofficially but affectionately known as the Tetherow mascot. The Latin name of the family is Sciuridae to which chipmunks and squirrels also belong. [8] Female offspring tend to stay in the area around their home, while male offspring typically leave when they are yearlings and will defend one or more females. [4], Since 1996, it has been listed in the least concern category of the IUCN Red List of Endangered species. No your eyes weren't playing tricks on you, Rock Chuck do climb trees! [3] They have a brown coat, a white patch of fur on the snout in front of the eyes. Loren Lunsford They are diurnal and feed on plant material, insects, and bird eggs. [3] The weight fluctuates quite drastically through the year, with the least measured in early spring and the most measured in early autumn. [4] They drink less water, as their plant diet mostly serves their water requirements. Their markings help them blend into the rocks around them. The fur is mainly brown, with a dark bushy tail, yellow chest and white patch between the eyes, and they weigh up to approximately 5 kilograms (11 pounds). Yes, however a wood chuck chucks wood while a rock chuck chucks wood. Riley Baxter – Firearm/Ammo Reviews When Christian pilgrims began to immigrate to the United States, a large German population settled in Pennsylvania and brought their own version of the tradition along with them. Yellow-bellied marmots usually weigh from 1.6–5.2 kg (3 lb 8 oz–11 lb 7 oz) when fully grown, though males typically weigh more than females. While they are content with eating greens, rock chucks also eat insects and bird eggs if they come across them on the ground. Because of the large amount of them seen here at Tetherow, they are unofficially but affectionately known as the Tetherow mascot. They do this in order to get their intake of water from the dew and plant moister contained in their preferred foods. The Yellow-Bellied Marmot prefers dry and open-spaced habitats in the western United States and western parts of Canada, including the Rocky Mountains and the Sierra Nevada. //
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