Prime Minister Louis St-Laurent attended the coronation in London while Governor General Vincent Massey presided over the celebrations on Parliament Hill, which were attended by 100,000 people. This was attributed to the coincidental occurrence of publicly prominent events over a number of years, including the 2008 prorogation dispute; an increased use of royal symbols as directed by the Cabinet while headed by Stephen Harper, including two consecutive royal tours; court cases focusing on the Oath of Citizenship; and increasingly active governors. [111] Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, also has a Canadian private secretary and his wife,[318] Sophie, Countess of Wessex, a lady-in-waiting. The territories which now form Canada came under British power at various times by settlement, war or cession. The government’s view would also mean that Canada would effectively cease to be a constitutional monarchy if the United Kingdom decided to become a republic. Most importantly for our purposes, this further means that the office of the Queen extends not only to the current office holder, but to those who will succeed to the office. However, soon after it became law, the royal succession act was challenged in the courts by two Université Laval law professors, with the Quebec government as an intervenor. Even before the British Parliament legislated Canadian independence, a distinct Queen had made Canada a separate state. Although the term king of Canada was used as early as the beginning of the reign of George VI, it was not until 1953 that the monarch's title was made official, with Elizabeth II being the first monarch to be separately proclaimed as Queen of Canada, as per the Royal Style and Titles Act Remarks by Douglas M. Gowdy. The Northwest Territories and Yukon became territories of the Dominion of Canada in 1870 and 1898 respectively. During her time in Canada, however, the Queen has directly exercised her prerogatives as Head of State. Any change to the position of The Queen or her representatives in Canada now requires the unanimous consent of the Senate, the House of Commons and the legislatures of all the provinces. They cite Ottawa’s insistence that Canadian law be amended during the abdication of Edward VIII in 1936 as the key precedent behind this interpretation. This article first appeared on Policy Options and is republished here under a Creative Commons license. While the line of royal succession may eventually place another woman on the throne, it will not be by virtue of Canadian law, nor will she occupy a uniquely Canadian office. [344], These comments were echoed by teacher and author Nathan Tidridge, who asserted that, beginning in the 1960s, the role of the Crown disappeared from provincial education curricula, as the general subject of civics came to receive less attention.

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