Both bovids and cervids are both ungulates and ruminants - ungulates simply means 'hoofed mammals', and ruminants are those ungulates which chew the cud. Their body temperature is 38 °C (100 °F).[7][20][21][22]. Les antilopes, y compris les gazelles, sont des animaux très importants vivant en Asie et en Afrique. The picture at the bottom shows a male Impala. The first guy is right, a gazelle is just one specific type of antelope. [6][27]:318 Compared to its body size, the pronghorn has a large windpipe, heart, and lungs to allow it to take in large amounts of air when running. However, antelopes are not a certain clade in biological taxonomy, but the term loosely refers to all the Bovines those are neither cattle nor sheep nor goat. Le Antilocapra americana est polygame et rassemble un harem de 2 à 15 femelles[5]. They are adapted to graze on the lower shorter shoots which are left by other larger antelopes. When out on safari whether it is in the Ngorongoro Crater or the Serengeti, you are bound to see a lot of antelopes and gazelles. In early spring, the herds break up, with young males forming bachelor groups, females forming harems, and adult males living solitarily. Les jeunes mâles disposent de territoires périphériques, où le fourrage est moins bon. The horns on a gazelle as with other antelopes is made of keratin as well as other proteins. Additionally, pronghorn hooves have two long, cushioned, pointed toes which help absorb shock when running at high speeds. The answer is simple: all gazelles are antelopes, but not all antelopes are gazelles…. [28] Newborn pronghorns weigh 2–4 kg (4.4–8.8 lb), most commonly 3 kg (6.6 lb). Here is a list of all living gazelle species: In the genus Gazella: - Mountain Gazelle, Gazella gazella - Neumann's Gazelle, G. erlangeri - Speke's Gazelle, G. spekei - Dorcas Gazelle, G. dorcas - Chinkara/Indian Gazelle, G. bennettii - Cuvier's Gazelle, G. cuvieri - Rhim Gazelle, G. leptoceros - Goitered Gazelle, G. subgutturosa Genus Eudorcas: - Mongalla Gazelle, Eudorcas albonotata - Thomson's Gazelle, E. thomsoni - Red-fronted Gazelle, E. rufifrons Genus Nanger: - Dama Gazelle, Nanger dama - Grant's Gazelle, N. granti - Soemmerring's Gazelle, N. soemmerringii There are also a few species of gazelle that you might see mentioned that have gone extinct within the past couple of hundred years: - Arabian Gazelle, Gazella arabica (known from a single specimen from 1825) - Red Gazelle, Eudorcas rufina (last seen pre-1894) - Queen of Sheba's Gazelle, Gazella bilkis (last seen in 1951) - Saudi Gazelle, Gazella saudiya (declared extinct in 2008). [19], Pronghorns have distinct white fur on their rumps, sides, breasts, bellies, and across their throats. [41], Pronghorns are now quite numerous, and outnumbered people in Wyoming and parts of northern Colorado until just recently.

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