The mass demonstrations resulted in a crisis for the Provisional Government. Choose the best from 10 000+ topics in our database. The majority of the working and oppressed people all over the world are with us. What factors facilitated the Bolshevik Revolution of October 1917? For more details see Old Style and New Style dates. With Kornilov defeated, the Bolsheviks' popularity in the soviets grew significantly, both in the central and local areas. ; 18 January, N.S.) What did the Soviets do wrong and how did their mistakes derail the revolution’s expectations? The European powers recognized the Soviet Union in the early 1920s and began to engage in business with it after the New Economic Policy (NEP) was implemented. This method of analysis focuses on the average person's experience of day-to-day life during the revolution, and pulls the analytical focus away from larger events, notable revolutionaries, and overarching claims about party views. In response to a Bolshevik appeal, Moscow's working class began a protest strike of 400,000 workers. On 12 July, the Provisional Government published a law introducing the death penalty at the front. "[43], The long-awaited Constituent Assembly elections were held on 12 November (O.S., 25 November, N.S.) [25], Later stories of the heroic "Storming of the Winter Palace" and "defense of the Winter Palace" were propaganda by Bolshevik publicists. Throughout June, July, and August 1917, it was common to hear working-class Russians speak about their lack of confidence in the Provisional Government. The Bolshevik strongholds were in the cities, particularly Petrograd, with support much more mixed in rural areas. His confidence stemmed from months of Bolshevik buildup of power and successful elections to different committees and councils in major cities such as Petrograd and Moscow. However, there was continued support for Kerensky in some of the provinces. As a result, Western historians exposed what they believed were flaws in the Soviet view, thereby undermining the Bolsheviks' original legitimacy, as well as the precepts of Marxism. During that time, Lenin returned from exile and regrouped his strength and support. This book, written by the American journalist and socialist John Reed, was a first-hand account of the events that occurred in the October Revolution. [63], During the Cold War, Western historiography of the October Revolution developed in direct response to the assertions of the Soviet view. Dmitri Shostakovich wrote his Symphony No. The purpose of the revolution was to overthrow the Russian government. and "All power to the soviets!" The next day a full scale uprising erupted, as a fleet of Bolshevik sailors entered the harbor and tens of thousands of soldiers rose up in support of the Bolsheviks. In the February Revolution of 1917, Czar Nicholas II abdicated his position as leader of Russia, ending the nation’s imperial rule under the Romanov Dynasty. The October Revolution The October Revolution, is also known as the Bolshevik Revolution, was the second phase of the Russian Revolution of 1917, the first occurring in the Febuary Revolution. Lenin’s ideas made sure to appeal both the rural and urban areas as well as the two biggest social groups in Russia. The Provisional Government, with the support of Socialist-Revolutionary Party-Menshevik leaders of the All-Russian Executive Committee of the Soviets, ordered an armed attack against the demonstrators, killing hundreds. DBQ Essay By October 1917, Russia's national debt had risen to 50 billion rubles. Please note that the above text is only a preview of this essay. THE WAR The Russian people wanted the war to come to an end. "October was a classic coup d'état, the capture of governmental power by a small minority, carried out-without mass engagement. There was a nationwide crisis affecting social, economic, and political relations. They failed to supress opposition, for example it ignored the existence of the Smolny Institute which became a hotbed of radical ideas. LAND This was a shrewd move by Lenin. At 10 a.m., Bolshevik-aligned soldiers successfully retook the Rabochiy put printing house. The term "Red October" (Красный Октябрь, Krasnyy Oktyabr) has been used to signify the October Revolution. - Enclosure Acts! "1 "October was a classic coup d'état, the capture of governmental power by a small minority, carried out-without mass engagement. Bloody Sunday was also a major factor that played into the brewing of the revolutions. The victorious Soviet Union viewed it as a validation of their ideology, and the triumph of the worker over capitalism. The Provisional Government opened an offensive against the Central Powers on 1 July, which soon collapsed. It was an event that was six months in the planning by the Bolsheviks. All rights reserved. Kerensky's failure to assume authority over troops was described by John Reed as a "fatal blunder" that signaled the final end of his government. October Revolution Essay, Research Paper 6/12/98 THE OCTOBER REVOLUTION, THE PEOPLES REVOLUTION ? Download the full version above. - farming less difficult On 5–6 July, attacks were made on the editorial offices and printing presses of Pravda and on the Palace of Kshesinskaya, where the Central Committee and the Petrograd Committee of the Bolsheviks were located. They screened movies and organized rave parties at the war-scarred derelict cinema known as “The Egg”, held public debates in the small gardens and much bigger parking lots, set up food stalls, improvised sidewalks cafés, created kids play zones and a small library and brought life back to what was once the bustling heart of the city before it became exclusively geared towards the upper-class. At the same time, the cost of living increased sharply. [54], Soviet historians of the Revolution interpreted the October Revolution as being about establishing the legitimacy of Marxist ideology and the Bolshevik government. Incredibly, the Provisional Government could not see this. They also wanted to withdrawal... ...Notes: Russian Revolution For the social conditions Russia needed to educate the population. From the very first day, a woman side kicking the Education Minister’s bodyguard threatening to open fire on the protesters, became the icon of the revolution. The roots of the Russian Revolution are in the arbitrary, autocratic, and repressive czarist political and social system that evolved in the 16th 18th centuries, in the course of Russia's. Bolsheviks were arrested, workers were disarmed, and revolutionary military units in Petrograd were disbanded or sent to the war front. Factory owners wanted workers who knew how to read and write and factories were looking for more skilled workers.... ...November 9th, 1917 The tradition of saluting was also eliminated. During and before the Bolshevik Revolution these conditions were set up perfectly for a revolution to happen. Communist parties would start to form in certain countries after 1917. [21][22], In the early morning of 24 October (O.S. [37] When the fall of the Winter Palace was announced, the Congress adopted a decree transferring power to the Soviets of Workers', Soldiers' and Peasants' Deputies, thus ratifying the Revolution. The slogan “peace, bread and land” summarised Bolshevik policies at this time. While the seizure of the Winter Palace happened almost without resistance, Soviet historians and officials later tended to depict the event in dramatic and heroic terms. ), the government applied the term "citizens of the Russian Republic" to Russians, whom they sought to make equal in all possible respects, by the nullification of all "legal designations of civil inequality, such as estates, titles, and ranks. 1917 However, did this sudden move from autocracy to a supposedly more progressive democracy actually bring about the modernisation of Russia industrially, agriculturally and culturally, or was it simply a rebranding of a totalitarian state that would continue to oppress the Russian citizen? Kerensky was able to evade the pickets going up around the palace and to drive to meet approaching soldiers. "1 - no sewage systems Most of the ministers were arrested and thus began 73 long years of Communist rule. July 31, 2020 by Essay Writer Unquestionably, the October Revolution failed to produce the utopian society that was envisioned by Vladimir Lenin. The collapse of the army’s morale continued, with desertion being encouraged by the Bolshe. To establish the accuracy of Marxist ideology, Soviet historians generally described the Revolution as the product of class struggle and that it was the supreme event in a world history governed by historical laws. was a culmination of both internal and external failure to satisfy the The Bolsheviks were offering what they wanted. A final, unsuccessful offensive against the Germans was attempted in June 1917 with the remaining loyal troops. Tsar Nicholas II, the leader of Russia from 1868-1918, was an autocratic ruler who had no intention on improving the lives of peasants... ... The French Jacobin Terror was an example for the Soviet Bolsheviks. By contrast, historian Richard Pipes has argued that the episode was engineered by Kerensky. Please join StudyMode to read the full document. The Lebanese “October Revolution” is not only battling the old but building the new. in the September, The October Revolution needs of an oppressed Russian society. In the streets, protesters strive to live their ideals and practice the values they endorse and through personal daily acts of resistance, they are building the country they aspire to. Download the full version above. 2 was first performed on 5 November 1927 by the Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra and the Academy Capella Choir under the direction of Nikolai Malko. Often—when government allowances were late and were not sufficient to match the rising costs of goods—soldiers' wives sent masses of appeals to the government, which went largely unanswered. After the fall of Moscow, there was only minor public anti-Bolshevik sentiment, such as the newspaper Novaya Zhizn, which criticized the Bolsheviks' lack of manpower and organization in running their party, let alone a government. ), the Cheka was created by Lenin's decree. Kerensky gave an ultimatum to the rifle garrison to lay down weapons, which was promptly refused. For questions #3-5, refer to the following site: The Bolsheviks viewed themselves as representing an alliance of workers and peasants signified by the Hammer and Sickle on the flag and the coat of arms of the Soviet Union. t in here…. The Bolsheviks was formed and was led by the Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov – known as Lenin. This essay will discuss each factor in detail, before coming to a conclusion that the incompetence of the Provisional Government was the main reason why the Bolsheviks were able to seize power in October 1917 after the revolution had taken place. This was damaging for Kerensky... ...History Coursework – B Question However, the provisional government was weak and riven by internal dissension. The Decree on Land ratified the actions of the peasants who throughout Russia had taken private land and redistributed it among themselves. Czar abdicates Across the country, women were at the frontline calling for their rights, they led marches, reclaimed the streets and often fearlessly formed barriers between the security forces and the protesters. It was an event that was six months in the planning by the Bolsheviks. After the army forcibly opened many roads on November 5, protesters did not back down. At approximately 5 p.m. the Military-Revolutionary Committee seized the Central Telegraph of Petrograd, giving the Bolsheviks control over communications through the city.[23][24]. Over 42% of all the cases of destruction (usually burning down and seizing property from the landlord's estate) recorded between February and October occurred in October.

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