And people don’t like that. David Keith: I personally do not see that as a risk in the same categories as others. David Keith: I agree. I mean, there are people who hypothesize that what if we just somehow forget how to do this technology? That’s exactly right. And so the short timescale of solar geoengineering is one aspect of it that I suspect it makes it incredibly attractive to some political leader in the future. And I think with decisions like that, I think you can do in just a few decades, but with enormous social and actually other environmental consequences. Daniel Schrag: Another nice example for people who live in the northeast is, why is it that we don’t have a fast train? My personal view is that if you really are talking about large scale removal, one of the technologies that never is popular, but I would put a lot of effort into is adding alkalinity to the ocean. And that may cause people to change how much they’re doing or to transition from one kind of solar geoengineering to another. The AP’s Michael Fabiano on the 2020 election. It’s already very likely that it’s past the point of no return. I’ll tell you what my worry is about this. And I think that’s a very unlikely outcome. Daniel Schrag is director of the Harvard University Center for the Environment, Sturgis Hooper professor of geology and professor of environmental science and engineering and an authority on what ancient climates can tell us about the future of our earth. And I think the risks of that, that seem like a given would be some risk of the aerosols themselves. That is, right now some of the new technology is looking like it’s going to make this problem a lot easier. David Keith: It’s not clear to me if it’s a feature or a bug, you wouldn’t want the solar geoengineering technology you couldn’t turn off. Forget the Green New Deal, it’s talking about 10 years, let’s talk about 20 or 30 years. It’s certainly possible to accelerate it. And so it’s worth funding a lot of different ideas at this stage because we just don’t know at this point. I think that threats to humans are the most important problem, but at least as I personally see it, they’re not the only problem. Named to the 2017 Atlantic Coast Underclass Showcase Top Prospect List. Essentially, the CO2 is a weak acid. I think the problem of managing nuclear weapons in a divided world, I think the problem of managing biological weapons, perhaps, there are other problems that are probably sharper when it comes to consequences for humanity and sort of the intense difficulty of getting to agreements. I think we ought to be very careful about saying that and defining carefully. Jonathan Shaw: Yes. I think the key point I’m trying to make is these are human choices, political choices, and we shouldn’t imagine there’s some technocratic, turn the crank value-free answer. To support the podcast, visit harvardmagazine.com/supportpodcast. Class Notes or Obituaries, please log in using your Harvard It required either foregoing inexpensive fossil fuels or replacing them with technologies that were pretty much all much more expensive. In the past, when we’ve had times with higher carbon dioxide levels and warmer temperatures, the changes have been very slow. And the answer is, in the end, the governor of Connecticut can be overruled federally, just to take that example. Our theme music was created by Louis Weeks. That is, if we go to still higher CO2 levels, 450, 500, 550, essentially, we’re going to melt the entire Greenland ice sheet. There will be no more diesel taxis in London in the next few years. Loose and fluid swing with consistent hard contact and line drives. What that means is that ecological communities have had time to migrate, to adapt. This folding fan enfolds two sacred mountains. There’s a big list of physical risks like that. Magazine account and verify your alumni status. We’re spending something like $300 billion a year globally on clean energy now, which is really fundamentally motivated by CO2, most of all, and so we are not as quickly as I want or Dan wants, we are cutting emissions. Welcome to you both. Doing it that fast, this is a trade-off about the benefits to future generations of cutting CO2 emissions very sharply, which are huge against other environmental damage of doing this too quickly and social damage. But it doesn’t seem very likely to me.”. Big crow hop into throws where carry on throws and arm strength played well. Fall 2020 TV Lineup: What You Need to Know About the New and Returning Shows Here's What's New to Stream in October on Netflix, Hulu, Amazon, Disney+, and More David Keith Ross Douthat sees American society stagnating amid tired culture wars and a gridlocked political system. We’re tribal, we’re nationalistic, and we’re really bad at long time scale problems. Daniel Schrag: That’s right. I think the chance of that is actually also zero since we are, after all, already taking action to cut emissions. In a year like no other, read a selection of Harvard Magazine stories on the forces that will shape the presidential election outcome. For an in-depth look at climate change impacts and discussion of research into solar aerosol geoengineering, see the Harvard Magazine feature article, “Controlling the Global Thermostat.”, Ask a Harvard Professor with Danielle Allen, Ask a Harvard Professor with Caroline Buckee, Preview: Ask a Harvard Professor, Season Three, All Content ©1996-2020 Harvard Magazine Inc.All right reserved What to do about the warming is dominated by uncertainties. In a single century, humans have set in motion events that will unfold on a geological timescale, ultimately redrawing coastlines around the globe as ice sheets melt and sea level rises. What does paleoclimate data suggest lies in store for us at current CO2 concentrations, which reached a seasonal peak of 417 parts per million in May 2020? And many national leaders find it important to keep part of their political constituency happy to articulate how important climate is. I don’t think it would be ethical. Educational, financial, political, and values issues challenge Harvard’s leaders—and the University community. This year in the U.S., 75% of new electricity generating capacity was wind and solar. I think David’s exactly right. David Keith: I have no idea what will happen. Among them, the fact that even among them, the fact that even once we bring emissions to zero, we haven’t in any way solved the problem, we’ve just stopped the problem getting worse. As of 2020, David Keith’s net worth is. There’s no value-free answer for how quickly we should cut emissions. frame from Fuquay Varina, NC who attends Fuquay-Varina HS. David Keith: So I think that problem is simply ill-posed. It’s extremely hard to transition. David Keith: Solar geoengineering is the idea that humans might deliberately alter the amount of heat the earth absorbs from the sun. Primary shortstop with deliberate actions and fields the ball well out in front.

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